The Flamenco dress has transformed and evolved time after time through the ages, but at the same time maintained the old. Its origen dates back to the old cattle markets where the travelling women, most of Romani heritage, came dressed in these simple ensembles with a few ruffles and an apron. In this way the dress belonged to the Andalusian women of the lower social classes and another name for it was traje de gitana, Romani dress. The garment enhanced the female curves and little by little women from the higher society started dressing in the same manner when going to the market. With time there was no difference between the classes and everyone dressed the same.
It was when the upper-class women started wearing and copying the dresses that they started being embellished with embroidery, lace, bows and ribbons. In 1929 the flamenco dress took the step from being apparel to fashion. It was also namned the official attire for Feria de Abril, which it still is today. Its history is mixed with ancient civilisations and our own, something that can be seen in its ruffles and materials.
The style of the dress is said to imitate that of a guitar so that the female curves and beauty are enhanced. The body of the dress is always tight, but the lenght and shape adapt to the fashion of the time. At the hips the dress opens up like a flower, giving the woman a seductive walk. Her hair is combed away from the face to show the beautiful traits of the Andalusian woman. Together with flowers in her hair, combs, shawls and large earrings.
It’s a dress in constant evolution, a kind of living fashion, where it’s constantly renewed and reinvented, which can be seen in the different materials and accessories. All kinds of colours, patterns and textures. The ruffles change from year to year in number, size and folds. The neckline varies from scooped to v-neck and the shawl could either hang off the shoulders or be crossed around the back. Even the sleeves change from year to year. Either long sleeved or no sleeve, everything depending on that year’s fashion.
With and infinite creativity this characteristical dress return every year but never forgets its origin. A Flamenco fashion show is arranged yearly by SIMOF (Salón Internacional de la Moda Flamenca) in Seville, which also has become the capital of the Flamenco fashion. If you want to see elegant ladies strutting down a catwalk wearing the latest fashion in Flamenco we’ll get the tickets for you!