Spain

Spain is a grand and very interesting country. Down below you can read about the country’s history, culture and characteristics.

The Spanish history bears the stamp of both Africa and Europe due to its geographical position. Spain was in the ancient world ruled by different empires based around the Mediterranean Sea, among others the Phoenicians, Carthaginians, Greeks and Romans. Spain was conquered by the Visigoths in the 5th century but their kingdom was unstable. After abour 300 years it was replaced by the Islamic Caliphate.

For the next 700 years Spain belonged to the Islamic world, but most of it became Christian again during the 13th century which is sometimes namned the Reconquista. Granada remained Islamic up until 1492 and during this period many important cultural meetings took place between the Islamic and Christian world.

The Spanish nation did not actually exist until 1479 when Aragon and Castile were united. In 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America on behalf of Spain and during the 16th century the colonisation of the new continent began. The large amounts of gold made Spain wealthy and powerful and so the Spanish Empire was founded. During the 18th century Spain was weakend and at the start of the 19th century most of its colonies declared themselves independent. At this time Spain was a weak country with several civil wars and it was not as industrialised as many of the other European countries.

The monarchy was abolished in 1931 and a democratic republic was introduced. The republic did not last very long however, and in 1936 a civil war started and continued until 1939 when the Fascists led by Franco took the power. Spain was a fascist state until the death of Franco in 1975. The successor of Franco was King Juan Carlos I and Spain became a monarchy once again. He democratised the country, but abdicated in 2014 and the current king is his son Felipe VI.